Vaccinations for your dog

One of the most important things you can do to give your dog a long and healthy life is to ensure that he/she is vaccinated against common canine diseases. Your dogs mother gave her puppy immunity from disease for the first few weeks of existence by providing disease fighting antibodies in her milk. . After that period its up to you, with the help and advice of your veterinarian, to provide that protection

When should my dog be vaccinated?
The immunity that a puppy has at birth only lasts a few weeks. It is then time to begin vaccination. The first vaccination is usually given in 3 doses, the first dose at around the age of 6-8 weeks and the second about 2-4 weeks later, and the third about 2-4 weeks later. Thereafter, your dog will require annual ‘booster’ vaccinations for the rest of his/her life to maintain protection. Above all, follow the vaccination schedule recommended by your veterinary surgeon. If there is too long an interval between vaccinations, your dog may no longer be fully protected

Which vaccinations should my dog receive?
Your pet should be protected against those diseases which are most common, highly contagious and which cause serious illness or death. Such diseases include Canine Parvovirus, Canine Distemper, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Parainfluenza and Infectious Tracheobronchitis. Rabies is essential. Other vaccinations may be recommended, based on your veterinary surgeons evaluations of the risks posed by such factors as your dogs particular heredity, environment and lifestyle

How do vaccines work?
Vaccines contain small quantities of altered or “killed” viruses, bacteria or other disease-causing organisms. When administered, they stimulate your dog’s immune system to produce disease-fighting cells and proteins – or antibodies – to protect against disease

 

 1 – Canine Parvovirus
Vaccines contain small quantities of altered or “killed” viruses, bacteria or other disease-causing organisms. When administered, they stimulate your dog’s immune system to produce disease-fighting cells and proteins – or antibodies – to protect against disease.

 2 – Canine Distemper
Vaccination against this often fatal, hard to treat disease is absolutely essential. Highly contagious, it is spread by discharges from the noses and eyes of infected dogs. Symptoms can include listlessness, fever, coughing, diarrhoea and vomiting; convulsions and paralysis may occur in the diseases final stages. The distemper virus attacks many organs, including the nervous system, which may be permanently damaged, even if the dog recovers

 3 – Infectious Canine Hepatitis
Caused by Canine Adenovirus Type l, this disease is transmitted among dogs by contact with secretions, such as saliva, infected urine or faeces. Its symptoms are similar to those of the early stages of distemper. Causing liver failure, eye damage and breathing problems, the course of this disease can range from mild to fatal. Vaccination remains the best protection.

4 – Leptospirosis
Dogs infected with this disease can suffer liver and kidney damage that will need a long period of treatment if they are to fully recover. It is also a disease that can infect humans

5 – Infectious Tracheobronchitis
Just as with the human cold, this respiratory-tract infection is easily transmitted from one dog to another, so vaccination is imperative if your pet will come into contact with other dogs in such situation as obedience training, boarding at a kennel or even just playing in the park. The disease is caused by various airborne bacteria and viruses, including Parainfluenza and Canine Adenovirus Type ll. Bordetella bronchiseptica is one of the main causes of this disease and requires a seperate intra-nasal vaccine. You’ll first notice its onset your dogs dry, hacking cough.

Other Vaccinations
Caused by Canine Adenovirus Type l, this disease is transmitted among dogs by contact with secretions, such as saliva, infected urine or faeces. Its symptoms are similar to those of the early stages of distemper. Causing liver failure, eye damage and breathing problems, the course of this disease can range from mild to fatal. Vaccination remains the best protection.

6 – Canine Coronavirus
This virus attacks the intestinal system and can be fatal to puppies. Symptoms may develop quickly and can include vomiting, diarrhoea, dehydration, loss of appetite and depression.

Rabies
This incurable and fatal viral disease affects the central nervous system of almost all mammals, including humans. It is spread through contact with the saliva of infected animals through bites or any break in the skin

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